look


look
look
1. non-standard uses.
There are various idiomatic uses of look that are confined to particular parts of the English-speaking world and are not part of standard English: for example look you as a way of attracting attention, found in Shakespeare

• (Why, look you, how you storm! —The Merchant of Venice i.iii.140)

and still used in Wales, looky here (an AmE variant of look here), and the colloquial AmE (20c) form lookit used with the meaning ‘Look!’ or ‘Listen!’.
2. look + to-infinitive.

• I shall hereafter look to be treated as a person of respectability —T. Huxley, 1900.

This type, meaning ‘to expect’, has been in continuous use since the 16c but is beginning to sound dated and is falling into disuse. Still in regular use is a form of this in which the continuous tense is used (am looking, etc.) and the sense is more of hope or intention than of expectation:

• The home team will be looking to get a result against the visitors next Saturday —Times, 1988

• The council had been looking to take ownership of the historic Moat for a number of years —Kildare Nationalist, 2003.

In a third type, look + to-infinitive means ‘to look as if, to appear’:

• The owl looked to be encircled by six cloaked hitmen —J. E. Maslow, 1982.

Although there is a theoretical risk of ambiguity here, this does not seem to occur in practice.
3. look + adverbs and adjectives.
The meaning we are concerned with here is ‘appear, seem’. Uses with an adverb complement (as in Shakespeare's The skies looke grimly) are now virtually extinct. A possible exception is the phrase to look well (= to appear to be in good health), but even here well is virtually an adjective. Uses with adjectives are normal, as in to look black, blue, cold, elderly, foolish, small, stupid, etc.
4. look like + clause

• You look to me…like you was made out of old wichetty grubs —Patrick White, AusE 1961

• Looks like your child's birthday is news again this year —Guardian, 1973

• Katherine now looked like she wanted to throw her plate at Sammy —fiction website, AmE 2003.

For this construction, see like 1.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • look — look …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • look — /look/, v.i. 1. to turn one s eyes toward something or in some direction in order to see: He looked toward the western horizon and saw the returning planes. 2. to glance or gaze in a manner specified: to look questioningly at a person. 3. to use… …   Universalium

  • Look — (l[oo^]k), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Looked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Looking}.] [OE. loken, AS. l[=o]cian; akin to G. lugen, OHG. luog[=e]n.] 1. To direct the eyes for the purpose of seeing something; to direct the eyes toward an object; to observe with the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • look — ► VERB 1) direct one s gaze in a specified direction. 2) have an outlook in a specified direction. 3) have the appearance or give the impression of being. ► NOUN 1) an act of looking. 2) an expression of a feeling or thought by looking at someone …   English terms dictionary

  • look — [look] vi. [ME loken < OE locian, akin to OS lōkōn, OHG luogēn (Ger dial. lugen), to spy after, look for] 1. to make use of the sense of sight; see 2. a) to direct one s eyes in order to see b) to direct one s attention mentally upon something …   English World dictionary

  • Look — ist ein Begriff/Wort aus der englischen Sprache, das sowohl als Verb als auch Hauptwort vielfältige Bedeutung haben kann: als Anglizismus, wird Look vor allem als Synonym im Sinne von Aussehen bzw. Stil verwendet, z. B.: Afro Look, wilde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • look — [ luk ] n. m. • 1977; mot angl. « aspect, allure » ♦ Anglic. Aspect physique (style vestimentaire, coiffure...) volontairement étudié, caractéristique d une mode. Il a un drôle de look. ⇒ allure, genre. Un look d enfer. Changer de look. ♢ Image… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Look-in — was a long running children s magazine centered around ITV s television programmes in the UK, and subtitled The Junior TV Times . It ran from January 9, 1971 to 12 March 1994 [ [http://www.geocities.com/juniortvtimes2006/94No10/1994 no10 pg01… …   Wikipedia

  • LOOK — LOOK, established in Nevers, France in 1951, was originally a ski equipment manufacturer. The company produced bindings both under its own name and under other brands such as Rossignol and Dynastar. The partnership with Rossignol (which later… …   Wikipedia

  • Look — [lʊk], der; s, s: (besonders in Bezug auf Mode) bestimmter Stil: einen sportlichen Look bevorzugen; einen neuen Look kreieren. Syn.: ↑ Aussehen, ↑ Note, ↑ Optik. Zus.: Astronautenlook, Gammellook, Safarilook, Schlabberlook, Trachtenlook. * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.